Brassicas Rule! A Fall Planting Guide


Listen… do you hear that? It’s your kale talking. It has really been loving the extra attention that you’ve been giving it, and as a result, it’s inviting you into the garden to take a few leaves. It’s OK, it’s happy to give them up. Just be sure to share some love with your broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels sprouts. And don’t forget the collards…they’ll get jealous.

Brassicas Unlimited

One of the bigger vegetable groups that I grow (outside of potatoes and their kin) is the Brassica family. They have lots of players, and many (like kale) can be grown at almost any time of year on a farm or in the garden. On my farm, we start by planting radishes (from seed) and kales (from transplants) in early spring. Then we throw some Asian greens (Tokyo Bekana is my new fave) into the mix later in the spring. Finally we move to the cabbages, broccolis and cauliflowers (all grown from transplants) for the fall.

Part of our strategy is a function of real estate; we are able to plant every available bed to cold-hardy crops like radishes and kale very early in the season. Then we have to wait for a few successions of these and other crops to finish out before we plant brassicas again. For this reason, the broccoli and cauliflower that I plant is all geared towards fall production. One of the advantages of this is that fall really is the golden season for lots of these crops. Cooler days and nights are perfect for forming beautiful domed heads of broccoli, jaw-droppingly pretty cauliflower, and tight, dense heads of cabbage. Exciting to think about all those pristine vegetables, isn’t it?

Starting Brassicas for Fall Production

In more Northern regions like ours, now is the time to be seeding these fall players for transplant in a few weeks. On our farm, we always follow our early peas with our fall crops. The peas are usually done at just the right time to till in and plant brassicas, and the fall crops get an extra boost of fertility from the plowed-down pea greens. I have been growing Belstar F1 broccoli for years now, and it loves this schedule, and makes crowns that make me feel like a real farmer. It will be forming heads late enough that I don’t see a lot of side shoot production, which is why I plant a few successions. The harvest window for Belstar is about 10-15 days, so if you stagger your plantings by two weeks, you should have a continuous supply of broccoli through the fall months.

The Fall Advantage

Most of the major pests that go after these plants in the spring will have cycled out for the fall planting. In our spring plantings, we don’t put any brassicas out without immediately covering them with remay. Our two big spring pests, flea beetles and cabbage worm, can’t do their damage if they can’t get to the plants. Flea beetles aren’t generally a problem for us from midsummer on, and cabbage worm usually does its worst in the spring, and typically won’t bother us later in the season. Not having to keep the late-season plantings covered allows us to keep them well-weeded and clean. We weed a few times and then they have enough leaf cover to crowd out any weeds trying to take hold.

We often side dress our kales and Brussels sprouts with compost later in the summer. They have been working hard since spring, and need to carry on through late fall, so they really benefit from the extra food. Putting some extra time and inputs into these full-season crops can yield a big payoff. As a group, brassicas are super hardy, and can take some pretty cold temperatures without losing eating quality. A few years ago I had a broccoli crop that was moving really slowly in the waning days of autumn, but I let them grow into late November. I ended up covering some of them with row cover, and one night they got down to 22 degrees under the Remay. When they thawed out, however, they were absolutely beautiful, and I sold every crown at a late season market. They were also delicious, having gotten sweeter from the cold temperatures.

Other Crops – Roots

So now you’re probably wondering what other crops we’re growing in the fall and how we do it. You can direct-sow fall carrots, parsnips, beets, turnips and rutabagas through the end of July for harvest into late fall (or even overwintering if your winters are mild enough). The trick here is that these crops like to germinate in cool soil. Try using cardboard or shade cloth to cover the soil for 3-4 days before seeding carrots and beets – this will shade the soil, cooling it and helping to retain moisture. If you live in a very hot, dry place, plant your seeds in a little trench where water will collect, water in well, then re-cover them with cardboard or shade cloth. Check them every day and only remove the covering once they’ve germinated.

If possible, plan to irrigate or sow seeds just before a period of rainy weather – this will also help cool the soil and improve germination rates of midsummer plantings. If you grew spring crops in these beds then you will want to rotate through different plant families – for example, if you grew spring mustards in a particular bed, try to grow fall carrots or beets there as opposed to broccoli or cabbage. Ideally brassicas should only be planted in the same spot once every three years, however this may not always be possible. Rotating your crops will help avoid a buildup of pests or diseases particular to one plant family, and will also help balance the nutrients beings used up. If you can, amend the bed with compost if you grew spring crops in it – this will help restore any nutrients that have been depleted.

Greens & More

Later in the season, from mid-August to September, you can plant more short-season, cool weather crops like lettuces, spinach, mustard greens, Asian greens, arugula, scallions, and radishes. The same principles used for carrots and beets (above) should be used for these crops. They really like cool conditions, and will be a lot happier going into soil that has been cooled off if it is still very hot in your area at that time of year. Have hoops made of galvanized metal wire and row covers at the ready for when frost threatens. Some of these crops – like radishes and scallions—are very cold-hardy and can withstand a light frost; however most will benefit from some protection.

More Resources

Here are some more resources for planning your fall harvest. For a general overview of how late you can plant various crops depending on your first frost date, check out this helpful succession planting chart published by the Farmer’s Almanac.

To determine the first frost date in your area, just type your location into the Farmer’s Almanac frost date calculator.

For more regional growing information, check out these guides published by Ag Extension.

And take a look at our many previous articles on fall and winter growing:

This entry was posted in Articles by Farmer Paul Betz, Winter Growing. Bookmark the permalink.

164 Responses to Brassicas Rule! A Fall Planting Guide

  1. Pingback: Storage Carrots: A Fall Planting Guide | The Seed Hopper Blog from High Mowing Organic Seeds

  2. Pingback: Grow Year-Round: What to Plant for Fall & Winter Harvest, by Region | High Mowing Organic Seeds' Blog – The Seed Hopper

  3. Dawn Smith says:

    Going to do lettuce for sure and maybe try some peas,radishes and carrots. Last year’s later lettuce had little black bugs all through it when I harvested, but I just washed them out and we ate it anyway. They didn’t really seem to do any damage. I’m in CT and that was in late August or early Sept, I believe.

  4. Renee says:

    Definitely arugula, lettuce, and beets. I haven’t succeeded with carrots, but will try a little row. And spinach a bit later. Shoreline Connecticut, so fall frost is often delayed until very late October, even November some years.

  5. Denise Fedor says:

    I am ready to plant some Kale and beets! Peas and lettuce are about done.

  6. Tom Riley says:

    Planting fall root crops this week – carrots, beets, parsnips, with radishes between the rows. Dreaming of roasted veggies on cool autumn nights.

  7. Deborah Hoyns says:

    I will be planting Mizuna, lettuces, peas, kale, carrots, kohlrabi, and baby choi. I want to try late summer shading to get the plants started! I have been very happy with the seeds I purchased from High Mowing!

  8. Ellis Carmichael says:

    I plan on planting carrots, broccoli, lettuce, tomatoes and maybe some others.

  9. Janet says:

    I’m going to plant radishes, more carrots, hardy lettuce, and brussels sprouts (only because I love my husband since I don’t love brussels sprouts). The kale and chard reseed themselves and grow like weeds for us here in Northern-Northern Coastal CA. Yay!

  10. Bonita Ouellette says:

    I’ve never planted autum or late garden so this article was very helpful….radishes, kale, and turnip will do very well in our zone 3 climate where we get such early frost….Thanks!

  11. Dave Oblas says:

    All I ever have in the fall is a bunch of pumpkins and a few left over swiss chard plants… I need this! :)

  12. Jerry Ward says:

    This is going to sound odd but what about some kind of mix that could be planted as a fodder crop for chickens.

  13. Leann L says:

    I want to try to plant some cabbage this fall. :-)

  14. kara says:

    bokchoy and kale…..

  15. Sally Wolfenbarger says:

    Fall and winter gardening here in the Pacific Northwest is usually very good. I plan to grow fall lettuce,purple cauliflower, brussel sprouts, January King cabbage and leeks ( a new crop for me).

  16. Pam Phillips says:

    I’m about to start a bunch of Chinese broccoli. Also considering collards or Red Russian Kale.

  17. Angela F. says:

    I have been looking at your fall seeds and dreaming of a full garden into the fall! Thanks for this opportunity!!

  18. Michele says:

    Brooklyn deck gardening! Your Mountain Princess and Sunkist tomatoes are in full swing and Green Finger cucumbers abound! They will likely be replaced in the fall with radicchio, broccoli and kale. And they will be missed until next year!

  19. Randy Booher says:

    We are trying broccoli and cabbage for the first time this year, SW Ohio. Going strong, but picking the cabbage worms off them and the kale everyday is annoying. But we haven’t lost one yet. Will have to try planting them a little later next year like this post says. Trying to convince the wife that guineas would do our cabbage worm picking for us and possibly the horn worm picking from the tomatoes if they show up again this year.

  20. Donna Tew says:

    correction…NW Georgia

  21. Donna Tew says:

    My family always planted a “patch of Greens” the end of July .I carry on the tradition. Turnips,Kale,Rocket,Mustard,radish mixed together and broadcast.I add Collards….they overwinter here,brussel sprouts and some lettuce. I moved to NE Georgias last year,bought three acres[with house]…figured out what I thought would be the garden had the topsoil graded off….so I have built raised beds in the mud field. Wish me luck. Summer things look good even though it rains every day here.

  22. Joyce D says:

    Brassicas always have a place in our garden, but this year I will once again plant more Kale and add some broccoli as well.

  23. Deborah R says:

    I am going to plant spinach, buttercrunch lettuce, green onions and cabbage. I planted pumpkins too, but the grasshoppers are so bad this year, I am not going to hold my breath for them.

  24. colie says:

    we will be planting lots! among those will be Brussels sprouts, cabbage, rye, carrots, spinach, kale,mustard greens, lima beans, fava beans and our pumpkins are already in the ground!

  25. Mary says:

    Here in the Northern Neck of Va. we will be planting kales, collards, spinach, bunching onions, carrots and some lettuces. Most everything overwintered well last year. Pulling them up for spring was like saying farewell to old friends.

  26. Lisa says:

    We will be planting Brussels Sprouts and Kale for sure, also probably broccoli, garlic, peas, arrugula, and other greens like spinach and chard. Some of my kale transplants overwintered last year, so I hope to do that again too.

  27. Much thanks to High Mowing Organic Seeds for the support of seed packets to our non-profit historic site, the Hinkle-Garton Farmstead. This was our first year to get a spring crop in the ground, albeit a bit late given the all-volunteer labor force. But we are motivated to transition that area into a fall planting when the time comes and we’ll use the turnip and rutabaga seeds we already have and add lettuces and more to the mix. Yum!!

  28. DENNIS SETZER says:

    We will be planting Kale, Varieties of Lettuce, Broccoli, Spinach, Cauliflower and five more varieties of fall crops if we win the contest! Good luck to all!

  29. Theresa says:

    Hoping to get in another batch of peas and greens this year but major focus will be intensive cover cropping to build up some areas.

  30. Laurie says:

    I’m planning to plant arugula this fall after someone gave me a sample salad of it, yum!

  31. Sarah Lydia Policastro says:

    I want to try a second crop of peas.

  32. Kim says:

    I love fall and winter gardening! We put up a hoophouse last year and it’s been amazing to harvest spinach, kale, tatsoi, and other hardy greens all winter. Our carrots survived under thick hay milch outside and were so sweet.

  33. Ruth Silvers says:

    I never thought about a garden in the fall or winter! I’ll have to think about it :) I love broccoli and cauliflower though. Would love to win the package and try it. PS Love High Mowing seeds they are awesome and everything I’ve tried has come out great.

  34. Barbara says:

    I’d love to grow some of your lovely kale this autumn!

  35. Kellie says:

    Some winters we sure do better than others. No luck last year, but the year before we had many things including carrots that did great.

  36. Steven Butler says:

    new gardener no plans for fall yet. thanks to high Mowing Seed i know my choices now :)

  37. Sue Sprinkle says:

    I live in Fairbanks, Alaska where we don’t really have a fall planting opportunity. Snow can fly as early as September … but our arctic winters are made more bearable while we pour over the seed and gardening catalogs planning the next year’s gardens.

  38. Robert M says:

    Fall peas, radishes, carrots, beets, and turnips in New Arkansas

  39. Barry says:

    I will plant winter carrots, spinach, radishes and lettuce under plastic in the high tunnel and start brassicas in there own plastic hoop in October. Fall is fun!!!

  40. Cindy Salter says:

    some new beet varieties, and more kale! and maybe some arugula and lettuces!

  41. Dianne says:

    Fall tomatoes, lettuce, spinach, collards, broccoli, cauliflower, chard, kale, beans, and my husband’s favorite: butternut squash.

  42. Mary Green says:

    I like to plant spinach and radishes in the fall to harvest during the weeks before the holidays.

  43. seth says:

    I need to win this collection I love kale

  44. Kay says:

    What a fantastic sounding collection. Just the kind of plants needed in my fall garden.

  45. Curt Regentin says:

    Your kale has done really well in my hoop house despite both high & low temps.

  46. Judi says:

    This past winter my hoop house had voles, and with too much snow the cats couldn’t get in…
    so only a few kale survived, but they have been crazy prolific. I also had arugula over winter unprotected, and it seems extra flavorful. I’ll be starting fall broccoli this weekend.

  47. Dawn C says:

    Actually, this is going to be my first year of planting a fall crop. I don’t know what to plant for fall harvest. So this is an opportunity to try it out. I would love to try your seed collection.
    Thank you for the chance to win!

  48. Melissa says:

    So excited to plant my first outdoor garden this fall in our new house. We’re going to stay fairly tame and plant what we know we will eat quickly, while getting used to it all! Spinach and arugula, carrots, radishes, beets, and brussel sprouts, with any luck.

  49. Sue Peterson says:

    This my 2nd year for the big garden and I’m hoping to plant some fall crops so we can “feed” into the winter. I have to say that I prefer my beets fresh rather than canning them – like I did last year! Thanks for the fall planting info and web links!

  50. Gayle Larson says:

    Just started broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and fall Brussels sprouts in 4″ pots for transplant yesterday. I’ll start some bok choy in another couple of weeks, since they mature much more quickly and our summers here in the Pacific NW don’t really start until mid-July. It’s going to be a little warmer than they like for a couple weeks. A second sowing of carrots will go in this weekend. Fall/Winter lettuce and spinach get sown in September.

  51. Brittany Steffey says:

    It’s been in the 90s most days here in Kentucky, so I likely won’t be able to get fall crops in anytime soon, but broccoli, carrots, kale, and leeks will definitely go in once it cools off a bit.

  52. Emilie McVey says:

    Here in central PA we had a long, cold, wet spring, so my peas got in late (and aren’t doing too well) and we were not able to put in broccoli. So for fall, I am planning broccoli,garlic, more peas, kale, perhaps cabbage, onions, maybe try more carrots (am never very successful with them). I dream of a cold box; maybe one day I can build a simple one and have more fresh veg during winter.

  53. Cynthia Stewart says:

    Cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and beets all sound good. I also may try a mini-greenhouse for salad greens.

  54. Julie Crum says:

    So far, I just have carrots, radishes, and a couple kinds of lettuces planned, but I’m thinking of trying broccoli, cauliflower & cabbage

  55. A Jones says:

    I always grow Purple Sprouting Broccoli. It’s big, productive, and delicious. I’m also planning on having an Eliot Coleman-like profusion of greens over the winter, because I now have a glass greenhouse.

  56. Julia Priolo says:

    Moving to a new property and creating a new vegetable plot has been very time consuming. But now I am so excited that my garden’s late start will pay off well in the fall since I have a lot of room to plant Brassicas and roots. I love brassicas, but have often feared growing Brussels and Cauliflower thinking that they are likely to fail in the heat of our summers. This will certainly be the year of the Brassica in our garden. We will definitely be happy & proud farmers this fall! Thank you for the tips!

  57. Peggy Hanson says:

    We are planting lots of various lettuces and spinach in the fall for we have a greenhouse like Elliot Colemans’ without heat and we can supply our customers all during the winter with tasty greens.
    We also plant Kale, carrots and beets and this will be ready after the first of the year.

  58. Michele McNeal says:

    Will be planting lettuces and spinach!! But with this new info, may try some broccoli too!

  59. Kendall says:

    We will be planting a variety of root vegetables and my favorite greens, kale!

    The produce of our garden supports incredible non-profit organizations like the Harvest for Hunger program and Wayside Food Program in Portland, Maine. Free seeds would be great! The garden itself is brand new and we have loved learning from this blog!

  60. Charlene McCarthy says:

    Such wonderful information and absolutely wonderful seeds!

  61. Barbara Stender says:

    there were some unusual long and deep freezes for here in the maritime northwest last winter, still enough kale, beet, and chard babies survived under covered hoops to provide late winter needs so I will definitely plant more this year. Not lucky with brussels sprouts or broccoli but I will always try. HMS seed would be a most auspicious win so my onion tops are crossed.

  62. Kristina says:

    I’m so excited, this is my first year where I have it together enough to plan a fall harvest. MORE KALE!

  63. Liv Hatcher says:

    Great advice! I need you on speed dial for all my food planting quandaries!!

  64. Diane Berl says:

    Started a container garden this year as I live in an apartment. Looking forward to having fresh veggies for the summer and saving some extra for the winter months. I like using kale and broccoli in my winter soups.

  65. Debbie says:

    Beets, radishes, kale, spinach, all varieties of greens. I will try the brocolli just because of the tips presented in this post.

  66. Rob says:

    Carrots, lettuce, spinach, kale and maybe broccoli.

  67. Michelle Nagai says:

    Carrots, beets, radishes and, now that I’ve read this post — broccoli!

  68. I love growing vegetables for the fall. And I really appreciate High Mowings quality seeds and informative and timely information.

  69. Kay says:

    I’ll be planting another batch of carrots, arugula, kale, spinach, sugar snap and lettuce, and trying beets and baby pak choy.

    I was looking for the post like this to get other ideas – thanks for sharing tips and ideas. I’m so excited!

  70. Treasa Sowa says:

    I plan to plant spinach, garlic, radishes, turnips, and greens.

    Love High Mowing!

  71. Laura C says:

    I like to plant lettuce, spinach, kale, arugula and carrots. Love to pick the carrots and parsnips after a little frost.

  72. Sue says:

    Kale mostly doesn’t survive our microclimate unprotected, but it’ll produce tasty greens until December, so I guess that’s good. It’s one of my favourites!

  73. Missy Dirks says:

    I like the tip about shade covering the soil before direct sowing cool loving veggies…it’s hot in my region when I need to start sowing them. I’m excited to try some pok choy and a new variety of broccoli in my fall garden this year.

  74. Dee Marotta says:

    My Fall/Winter crops will include… turnips, beets, brussels sprouts, radish, snow and snap peas, greens, pak choy, carrots and whatever else strikes my fancy!
    Happy Gardening!!

  75. Sue says:

    Zone 7 Looking forward to planting broccoli, cabbage, spinach, and garlic!

  76. Chris says:

    I am planning on planting a lot of greens for the Fall.

  77. For our school garden we always choose High Mowing Seeds! Local is best. Love the Yankee lettuce mix ! Enjoyed it before school got out and still loving it! Thank you

  78. Crystal George says:

    Love, Love , Love High Mowing Seeds, thanks for the planting guide.

  79. This fall we’ll plant carrots, lettuces, kale, beets, broccoli, cabbage, and peas.

  80. Julie bauer says:

    Here in Michigan we will finally get our first hoophouses up later this summer…so we will be planting all in this article! but in the garden beds and field i plan to do more kale , lettuce, beets, and boc choy of one type or another!
    Really excited for longer harvest don’t like to see it come to an end!

  81. Gail says:

    Here in the South, I often find that my Fall/Winter garden is the easiest best gardening of the year. Can’t wait to get started.

  82. Brett says:

    Well, I *was* going to just plant kale but now you’ve got me thinking about lots of other cool weather crops. Maybe some cabbage and greens. I need to make space!

  83. William Brown says:

    I’ll plant spinach, carrots & sugar snaps.

  84. Max says:

    So much awesome info. thanks!

  85. Sharon says:

    We’ll plant cabbage, possibly trying the Produsa variety and of course lettuce. .

  86. Rebecca says:

    Willing to try this again this year. Our summer/fall goes from HOT to COLD in a matter of two weeks, so we don’t usually have enough time to get a second crop of broccoli to mature. Our lettuce, radish and young kale usually does pretty good though.

  87. Thank you for all the great tips on the fall planting guide for my area. This has been such a successful year in our garden. We are military and move around alot so we have to learn many new things before planting. Unfortunatly, most of the time when we finally get the perfect veggie garden it is time to move. Here in Northern Virginia I have ful access to great compost through our county and it has provided us with beautiful purple pole beans/Blue Coco’s seeds from the Mt Vernon estate, a beautiful lettuce colletion and carrots from all of you, peppers and tomatoes. So we are now in the planning mode of fall here in the next month and a half. I am thinking garlic, chard, pumpkins for our son, and peas. Since we live in the city we don’t have a large space but we are happy to have very successful gardning thanks to your company!

  88. Foodisgoodhere says:

    I sow winter spinach, kale and arugula outside in September and transplant them into our unheated greenhouse in November (we live in MA). We harvest these crops throughout winter. Early in the new year, I make an additional planting in the greenhouse for crops that take over from the overwintered ones in spring. Thanks High Mowing for providing such high quality information for growers. I also learned a lot about winter gardening from Eliot Coleman’s Four-Season Harvest.

  89. Tami Wuestenberg says:

    Kale, beets, carrots and radishes. Maybe I’ll try some broccoli, I’ll have to buy starts though. I try to direct sow everything.

  90. Wanda says:

    North Carolina – collards, of course. Leeks. Bok choy. Almost anything, really. Sometimes it’s quite mild in the winter and things can survive with a little help.

  91. Donna Hendrick says:

    I will be planting broccoli, carrots, mustard, collard and turnip greens. I am going to try fall onions. My spring onions turned out great but I need more.

  92. Jan McClure says:

    In the fall, I am looking to plant broccoli primarily, possibly some cabbage and other cole crops.

  93. Robin says:

    Love the winter veggies, such staples!

  94. forestfire says:

    wonderful info and a giveaway!! Many thanks

  95. Christina Rodriguez says:

    This will be the first year I’m planting a fall veggie garden….

  96. Cheryl says:

    Love to plant arugula, carrots, beets, and some greens for fall :)

  97. Kristen says:

    I am about to fill trays with seed starting mix – thanks for the push.
    I love the reminder that it is ok to eat some of that kale now!

  98. Angie says:

    Will be my first time fall gardening, but was going to plant more carrots and beets. Now am thinking more brassicas too!

  99. Tatiana says:

    I’ve not had any luck with brassicas in my home garden…but I think I am getting re-inspired.

  100. Mike Ricci says:

    We just started our cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower in the greenhouse yesterday and will do another planting next week and the week after to stagger things out. Also getting ready to plant some rutabaga in the next week or so.

  101. Sally says:

    Will plant more kale, carrots and roots, plus another round of greens.

  102. Lola says:

    This fall’s planting will include kale, carrots, and .. who knows? You present some great ideas.

  103. Christina Williams says:

    I started my current garden two years ago, but haven’t done a fall crop in it yet. This year I’m going to stretch out my harvest and plant some broccoli and other fall crops. Does anyone have suggestions on what I can plant late fall to winter to help the soil? I’m in Northeastern PA, soil PH is hovering around 6.0 with high calcium levels.

    • High Mowing Organic Seeds says:

      Hi Christina, You could try a cover crop of field peas or oats, both of which will add organic matter and nutrients to the soil and will winterkill when temperatures go below 15 degrees. Both of these need to be planted in late summer however, about 6 weeks before the first frost. If you wish to plant later, you could try Crimson Clover, which germinates well in cool soils, will add nitrogen to the soil, and will be killed by cold temperatures, creating a pre-mulched bed for spring planting.

  104. Kevin says:

    Thank you. Awesome information!

  105. Tammy says:

    I try to keep broccoli and spinach going as long as possible and we love kale!

  106. deb says:

    we love our seeds from highmowing. We are going to plant broccoli, lettuce more kale and try the sugar peas again.. yum…

  107. Betty Campbell says:

    kale so nice in winter to dig under snow for it

  108. barbara says:

    Kohlrabi and kale went in this week, cabbage, beets, and another run of snow peas soon.

  109. Sara says:

    First year using High Mowing, looking good!

  110. Maggie T says:

    I’ll be growing a variety of root crops, plus spinach, kale, etc for Fall.

  111. Wendy says:

    I love Brussels Sprouts and always try to plant them for fall–kale and lettuce are big favorites, too!

  112. Addie Schille says:

    I love the fall garden and look forward to planting mine soon. I especially love fall carrots

  113. Sean Cruz says:

    I overwinter Purple Sprouting Broccoli in zone 6 in Spokane, WA. We love having fresh broccoli to eat every spring.


  114. Rachel says:

    I’m planting kale and collards

  115. Sara says:

    This is the first year I’ll be attempting to winter over vegetables… so it’ll be brassicas, brassicas, brassicas!
    Thanks for the opportunity to win those lovely seeds! :)

  116. Margarita says:

    Carrots! I have yet to have a successful crop, but it’s so hot here in Texas. I’m thinking that if I start late (late) summer, I might see some good yields? Keeping my fingers crossed!

  117. Zenaida says:

    I have never planted a fall/winter garden before. I am really encouraged to try one this year looking at this post! Wish me luck and a good start!

  118. Lin says:

    I am excited about your new organic kale variety. I enjoy growing fall/winter crops.

  119. Diana Smith says:

    late beets, cabbage, carrots, turnips and spinach. All favorites. Some will be covered with Remay to keep them going as late as we can.

  120. Alicia says:

    This fall I’ll be planting my first ever winter crops. I’m so excited to get some of those lettuces in the ground! I’m also going to plant beets and some cabbage and broccoli. Here in Southern California we can fudge the seasons a bit so I’m going to try some successive planting too. ;)

  121. Linda says:

    Since I live in Central texas, fall planting and fall winter growing is really the best for me. I plan on planting the usual, fall tomatoes, lettuce, spinach, carrots, collards, broccoli, cauliflower, chard, kale, turnips and later in the winter (feb) garlic and onions. Thanks for offering this! Ya’ll are awesome!!

  122. We plan on growing brussel sprouts, broccoli, carrots and cover crops. Last year, our fall cover crop really helped enrich our soil this spring and our beets have never looked better!

  123. Frances Coppa says:

    Just got another 100 sq. ft. plot at my P-patch and I’m filling it with fall/winter crops. And 75 percent of that are brassicas! Kale, collards, broccoli, rutabaga, turnips and more!

  124. Tracy Norton says:

    Chicago winters can be really hard on people much less plants, but I cannot express how much I am looking forward to being able to take advantage of my greenhouse and grow every season. I have been a patio container grower in spring and summer as I have been limited to an apartment in the past. This page is full of such helpful information, I am itching to get started!

  125. Joy says:

    This fall we are putting in a second sowing of peas, overwintering carrots, fall-harvest broccoli, scallions, and cabbage. Also planting garlic and potatoes (under heaps of straw). The maps say we are zone 6 but I think it’s more like 7, at least most of the time! We will see how low the lows go, for how long, and see what survives.

  126. Patrick Keiter says:

    I’m gonna try brussel sprouts are they finicky?

    • High Mowing Organic Seeds says:

      Hi Patrick, that depends on your climate. They are a very long-season crop, so in Vermont we have to plant Brussels sprouts very early, before our last frost, to have them mature before winter sets in. However, if you have mild winters where you live you may be able to start them and have them mature in mid-winter.

    • ruth apter says:

      Brussels need to be started very early, as in start inside in a greenhouse in late winter/ early spring for fall harvest as they take a very long time.

  127. Deb DiScenza says:

    I am looking to start a fall and winter garden, as my allergies and asthma keep me from spending time working outdoors. By fall I can generally work outside without breathing problems. I am looking forward to trying High Mowing Seeds! I love veg and would particularly like to grow beets and cabbage!

  128. Margit Van Schaick says:

    Lots of chard, kale, lettuce, endive and escarole, cabbage and broccoli, beets and turnips, too. Starting more parsley, as well. And, I love peas!

    • Kristen Schroder says:

      I have had great success with the broccoli seeds that I started, that is until the cabbage worms showed up! I am really heartened to hear that fall planting and growth can yield crops.

  129. Ben says:

    Great article! I’m just getting ready to get my new grow room together for the winter and I needed some advice!

  130. Margaret says:

    So far my fall plans are Brocolli, Kale, and carrots. I’m considering asian greens but not quite sure which kinds.

  131. Karen I says:

    I will be planting kale, broccoli, cabbages, and maybe kohlrabi. I love that I can grow these things practically right through winter where I live!

  132. Paula Boyea says:

    Planting some lettuces, as well as kale, radishes, carrots and beets…maybe some turnips!

  133. Sara says:

    Kale, broccoli, and I’ll try beets again. I love them though I never seem to get them right.

  134. Makisha says:

    I’m planning on broccoli, kale, cauliflower, Brussels Sprouts, beets, and carrots! Can’t wait to try the Brussels Sprouts, as it’s my first year trying them!

  135. Eileen Reeder says:

    My problem has always been getting my fall crops in too late. I especially left room this year to put in some fall plantings in a timely manner. It is hard to pull out still producing summer crops to put in winter garden.

  136. Amanda says:

    I love brassicas! Cabbage, kholrabi, radishes, kale, collards… And cauliflower are my favorites! Nom nom nom

  137. Jillian says:

    I started an onsite veggie garden for the local food bank (southwest Puget Sound) this year, and don’t have any experience planting fall crops (I’ve overwintered summer kale, that’s the extent of my experience) so I am reading everything I can get my hands on to keep these beds productive all winter!

    • ruth apter says:

      Fall gardening is VERY easy and even less work. If you remember to plant in the summer so things have a chance to grow you will do very well in this climate. No watering or weeding in the winter! The bugs that eat plants are not around later in the season. You will love it!

  138. Amanda M. says:

    Broccoli, Kale, cabbage, lettuces. My first fall/winter garden this year.

  139. Patricia says:

    I am new to gardening vegetables but I am going to be giving carrots and beets a try this fall. We’ll see how it turns out!

  140. Debbie says:

    Trying my hand at kale, cauliflower and lettuce this year for the first time. Have always just had a summer garden and really appreciate all the info.

  141. Kathleen says:

    I love overwintering broccoli, kale & cauliflower!

  142. Lisa says:

    Our entire front yard is garden, for the first time! We have done for spring and will do again for fall: kale, spinach, lettuce, swiss chard, cabbage, broccoli, bok choy, carrots, leeks, onions, and anything else we find will winter well in Boise, ID.

  143. priscilla robledo says:

    This fall I plan on planting cauliflower, leeks, squash and even tomatoes. Its stays pretty hot and humid all the way through November here in Houston. I usually start a mew crop of watermelons in late August as well.

    I’m a 3rd year urban gardener and I love trying out new crops!

  144. Cary Bradley says:

    I’m planning everything for fall as our spring was crazy and some varmint moused all my radishes, turnips, and even my dino, tronchuda, oxheart cabbage and ragged jack kale. Brassicas will rule this fall and I can’t wait to get seeds in the ground. First spring we’ve been without mega brassicas growing and we really have missed them. Oh, lots of beets too and turnips for pickles, yumm! Thanks so much for sharing this. Uber timely! :)

  145. Maggie says:

    I was too late for lettuce this year so I’d like to do some lettuces, and maybe I’ll try cauliflower? Thinking about chard and beets too. I’m making my Fall garden plan this weekend!

  146. Sophie Grow says:

    I will be planting kale, collards, cabbage, broccoli, leeks, onions, carrots, beets, and garlic. I really loved my kale two years ago. Last year, they were so small and didn’t grow at all. I think this year will need to get the earlier kick start as well as better varieties!

  147. Dixie Townsend says:

    Planting everything in containers this year due to limited space. I would like to replant your mesclun mix as well as more radishes.

  148. B Stickel says:

    This is my first year gardening in the PNW, and I started in the spring. I’m looking forward to planting garlic, spinach, leeks, kohlrabi, and flower sprouts, along with lots of other brassicas, this fall. Not positive I’m going to be able to drag myself out in the cold rainy weather to harvest, but I do want to give it a try.

  149. Kristina says:

    Carrots, beets, lettuce, turnips, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels Sprouts, radishes, and much more! I’m currently seeding for transplants right now.

  150. Laurie Moulaison says:

    As a new backyard gardener I can’t wait to try so many ideas I see you post about. Definitely will be planting carrots and beets and may try kale. Our season here in Maine has been so wet and cold that everything has a slower start. So hoping the fall produce does wonderfully well

  151. Karla Boemig says:

    Urban deck gardening… In fall I will restart beets and bok choy.

  152. Ferne says:

    We live near Mt. Shasta and it seems to go from summer to winter with not much fall or spring so I have found brussel sprouts and broccoli hard to grow, but I will be planting beets, carrots, kale and chard for sure!

  153. Lori Robin Wilson says:

    Here in the arid southwest near Palm Springs I absolute love my fall planting, which has to wait until after we stay consistently out of the 100s! But then all winter long my friends, the Brassicas, love love love our winter! I plant Pak choi, Swiss chard, several colors of cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, purple and green cabbage and some broccoli. If I have room i also include artichokes which look absolutely beautiful come spring. I eat from this bounty all winter long! I include beets and radishes and carrots too. All this in my two large community garden beds!

  154. Amanda Fisher says:

    Definitely kale! And maybe leeks or scallions. And now I’m thinking of beets…

  155. Amy Langley says:

    Planted our garden with High Mowing Seeds this year and things are looking fabulous!

    We were too late to do a spring planting of lettuce, bok choy, and spinach so those will be going in for the Fall. Thinking of adding another grouping of carrots and beets later too. Once the cucumbers are done, fall/winter squash will be put in that section.

    • In my high-altitude, zone 5 climate, kale is amazing when grown in the hoophouse for late fall and all winter. Pink beauty radishes were a winner for late fall and early winter. Arugula stands out for winter in the hoophouse as well.