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High Mowing Organic Seeds
   

Organic Non-GMO Bean Seeds::Organic Non-GMO Dry Beans::Organic Black Turtle Dry Bean

Organic Black Turtle Dry Bean  Organic Non-GMO Black Turtle Dry Bean - HEIRLOOM Believed to have originated in southern Mexico and Central America over 7,000 years ago, Black Turtle beans are one of the tastiest beans we know. They have a deep, rich flavor that works superbly in soups, frijoles, refritos, chili, and as refried beans. High yielding and easy-to-grow bush variety. Bush habit. (Phaseolus vulgaris)

Days to maturity: 100 days
SKU Description Our price
2020A 1 OZ $2.75
2020B 1/2 LB $6.90
2020L001 1 LB $9.35
2020L005 5 LB $35.75 ($7.15 per LB)
2020L025 25 LB $142.50 ($5.70 per LB)
2020L050 50 LB $280.00 ($5.60 per LB)

Unit Size
Quantity
   

Organic Dry Bean Comparison Chart

Item Code Variety Name Type Heirloom DTM Disease Resistance Seed Color Standout Characteristics
2060 Light Red Kidney dry   85   light red mild flavor, silky and flaky texture, thin skin, for baking and soup, sturdy plants, widely adapted, suitable in cool wet climates
2030 Calypso Bean
dry 90   black/white dependable, early yielding, mild flavor, smooth texture, for baking and soups, widely adapted
2050 Jacob's Cattle dry 90   brown/white full-flavored, holds shape when cooked
2021 Vermont Cranberry dry 90   maroon/red exceptional flavor, stores very well dried, well-suited short seasons and cool climates
2040 Silver Cloud Cannellini dry, shell   75 shell, 95 dry BCMV, CTV white improved variety with higher yields, upright plant habit, excellent for cooking
2020 Black Turtle dry 100   black rich flavor, heavy yielder, easy to grown, best for soup, frijoles, refritos, chili, refried beans

*Disease Resistance Key
:
AN Anthracnose
BCMV Bean Common Mosaic Virus (races indicated if known)
CTV Curly Top Virus
DM Downy Mildew
PM Powdery Mildew
PMV Pod Mottle Virus
R Rust

Organic Beans - Growing and Seed Saving Info

Printable version of this page (PDF)
Beans
Beans are tender annuals in the Leguminosae family, which also includes garbanzos, peas, lentils, and peanuts.
  • Snap beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) Most often green but sometimes gold or purple, these beans are eaten fresh, steamed or pickled within their succulent pod. Snap beans have both bush and pole growth habits.
  • Dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) - These varieties are grown for the mature bean seed. Dry beans have both bush and pole growth habits.
  • Fava beans (Vicia faba) - Plants are 2-3 tall with an upright central stem, lovely foliage and striking white and purple flowers. They yield gigantic beans that can be eaten at the shell stage or dried for later use.
Soil  and Nutrient Requirements
Beans only require average fertility and prefer pH in the 6.0 - 6.8 range. Choose well drained, warm soils and use inoculants to increase yields where natural Rhizobia populations are low.
Position
Full sun to part shade
Seeding Depth
1-2
Plant Spacing
For bush beans, 2-3
Row Spacing
For snap bush beans 18-36, for bush dry beans 28-36, for pole beans 6; for pole beans use single or double rows, with 12 between, and 4 center beds with trellis in the middle.
When to Sow
Days to maturity are from direct seeding. Direct seed after all danger of frost has passed. Optimal soil temperature for germination is 75-95F. Beans are particularly sensitive to cool soils and are prone to rot if temperatures are below 55F. White-seeded beans typically do not germinate as well as dark-seeded beans. Snap beans can be planted every 2-3 weeks for a continual harvest through mid-summer.
Other Considerations
  • When possible, wait for dry conditions before handling plants.
  • Pole beans require trellising for support. Plant in single or double rows, or a circle for a tripod trellis.
Frost Tolerant
No
Drought Tolerant
Even moisture is important, especially during flowering and fruit set. Lack of moisture may cause deformed pods.
Heat Tolerant
Pod set is poor when temperatures exceed 90 degrees.
Seed Specs
75-150 (115 avg) sds/oz, 1200-2500 (1850 avg) sds/lb varies greatly between varieties.
Seeding Rate
Bush Beans - 800 sds/100 (~ .5lb/100), 130M sds/acre (~70 lbs/acre) using 8sds/ft, 36 row spacing. Pole Beans - 800 sds/100(~ .5lb/100), 96M sds/acre (~52 lbs/acre) using 4 sds/ft, double rows 12 apart on 4 centers. M=1,000 seeds
Harvest
Harvest early and often to increase yields. Remove oversized beans to maintain pod production. Dry beans are harvested once in the fall, when plants are drying down. Harvest by hand or machine, using either a combine or a stationary thresher. Avoid harvesting moldy pods whenever possible, and make sure beans are completely dry before threshing.
Storage
Dry further in cool, dry conditions prior to long-term storage. Beans are ready for storage when seed coat can not be dented by fingernail. Store beans in a cool dry place.
Pest Info
  • Aphids can be washed off plants with a hard stream of water. They have several natural predators that control populations including parasites (aphids appear grey or bloated), lady beetle larvae and lacewing
  •   Seedcorn maggot is attracted by heavy applications of manure or organic matter which encourage egg laying.
  •   Leafhoppers are small wedge shaped insects that suck the juice from leaves rather than eating holes through them. If leaves are yellowing and curling under, examine the underside for leafhoppers. They overwinter in the Louisiana area and arrive with storm fronts in other parts of the country.
Disease Info
  • Root rot, caused by several different soil-borne fungi, can be prevented by rotating with a cereal or pasture crop and by planting into soil temperatures above 60F.  Root rot is less of a problem where soil is warm and well-drained. 
  • White mold, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, causes a pod and stem blight and is generally a disease of cool, damp conditions. Do not handle plants during wet conditions. Wider spacing can allow more aeration between plants and help control the spread of disease.  White mold survives in soil and plant debris; therefore infected plants should be removed from the field.  Dry beans and soybeans are not as susceptible to white mold as snap beans. Crop rotation is essential. 
Seed Saving Instructions
Self-pollinated. Insects are capable of cross pollination, and the extent of this depends on several factors including the type of flower, the bee population, and other pollen sources available. Depending on the location, it may only be necessary to separate varieties by five feet.  The seed coat is one indication of crossing, but many traits can be crossed that are not visible in the seed coat color. When planting, increase row and plant spacing to allow for greater air circulation and space for a mature plant. Pods should be papery and dry when harvested. Harvest by pulling up the entire plant. Windrow in the field or lay on a tarp in a dry place like a barn or greenhouse. When seeds are fully dry they are ready for threshing. Your fingernail should not be able to make an imprint on a fully dry seed. Thresh by flailing, jumping on pods, or shell by hand. Use a " screen on top of a " screen to clean the seed. Bean seed can remain viable for up to 4 years under cool and dry storage conditions.



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