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Organic Non-GMO Bean Seeds::Organic Non-GMO Dry Beans::Organic California Blackeye 46 Cowpea

Organic California Blackeye 46 Cowpea  Organic Non-GMO California Blackeye 46 Cowpea - OPEN-POLLINATED

Our earliest dry bean and one of the most popular black-eyed peas grown in the South. The classic Southern pea, with a cream-colored seed coat decorated with a single black "eye". High yields of long green pods that can be eaten fresh, frozen, dried or canned. Vigorous plants have a more upright habit than CA Blackeye 5. Bred by UC Davis and the CA Agricultural Experiment Station. Cool-tolerant · Upright habit (Vigna unguiculata)

Days to maturity: 65 days fresh, 80 dry
Disease Resistance: Fusarium Wilt
SKU Description Our price
2026A 1 OZ $4.10
2026B 1/2 LB $10.50
2026L001 1 LB $14.70
2026L005 5 LB $60.00 $12.00/lb Out of stock for 2016
2026L025 25 LB (includes $14 S&H) $264.00 $10.00/lb Out of stock for 2016
2026L050 50 LB (includes $28 S&H) $447.00 $8.38/lb Out of stock for 2016

Unit Size
Quantity
   
Dry Bean Comparison Chart
Item Code Variety Name Type Heirloom DTM Disease Resistance Pod Length Seed Color Standout Characteristics
2026 CA Blackeye 46 Cowpea dry   65 fresh, 80 dry FW (3)   cream with black eye early, upright, cool-tolerant plants produce high yields of versatile beans that can be eaten fresh, frozen, dried or canned.
2040 Silver Cloud Cannellini dry, shell   75 shell, 95 dry BCMV, CTV 4-5" white improved variety with higher yields, upright plant habit, excellent for cooking
2060 Light Red Kidney dry   85     light red mild flavor, silky and flaky texture, thin skin, for baking and soup, sturdy plants, widely adapted, suitable in cool wet climates
2030 Calypso dry 90     black/white dependable, early yielding, mild flavor, smooth texture, for baking and soups, widely adapted
2050 Jacob's Cattle dry 90     brown/white full-flavored, holds shape when cooked
2021 Vermont Cranberry dry 90     maroon/red exceptional flavor, stores very well dried, well-suited short seasons and cool climates
2035 Quincy Pinto dry   106 BCMV, BCMNV, CTV   speckled tan high-yielding, for slow cooking and canning. Upright habit; susceptible to rust
2023 Windsor Fava fava 75   5-6" pale green nutty flavor, pods hold 3-5 beans, need cool temps, not heat tolerant, can be frozen or dried

Disease Resistance Key:
AN Anthracnose
BCMV Bean Common Mosaic Virus (races indicated if known)
CTV Curly Top Virus
DM Downy Mildew
PM Powdery Mildew
PMV Pod Mottle Virus
R Rust

Organic Southern Pea Growing and Seed Saving Info

Cowpeas
Cowpeas are heat- and drought-tolerant tender annuals in the Leguminosae family, which also includes beans, garbanzos, lentils, and peanuts.
Soil  and Nutrient Requirements
Cowpeas thrive in poor soil and prefer pH in the 5.5-6.5 range. They require warmer soil than other beans, so plant in well-drained soil at least 3-4 weeks after the last frost.
Position
Full sun
Seeding Depth
1"
Plant Spacing
2" apart thinned to 4" apart
Row Spacing
Plant in single rows 3-6' apart.
When to Sow
Days to maturity are from direct seeding. Direct seed at least 3 weeks after all danger of frost has passed. Optimal soil temperature for germination is 75-95F. Cowpeas are particularly sensitive to cool soils and are prone to rot if temperatures are below 65F.
Other Considerations
  • When possible, wait for dry conditions before handling plants.
Frost Tolerant
No
Drought Tolerant
Yes. Plants benefit from irrigation but may grow and mature more slowly as irrigation lowers soil temperatures.
Heat Tolerant
Yes.
Seed Specs
2,260 seeds/lb
Seeding Rate
600 seeds/100 (~ .25 lb/100), 87M seeds/acre (~39 lbs/acre) using 6 seeds/ft, 36 row spacing. M=1,000 seeds
Harvest
Dry peas are harvested once in the fall, when plants are drying down. Harvest by hand or machine, using either a combine or a stationary thresher. Avoid harvesting after rain and cull moldy pods whenever possible. Hang in mesh bags in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area to continue drying (pods will heat up as they are drying, increasing spoilage) before threshing.
Storage
Dry further in cool, dry conditions prior to long-term storage. Beans are ready for storage when seed coat can not be dented by fingernail. Store beans in a cool dry place.
Pest Info
  • Aphids can be washed off plants with a hard stream of water. They have several natural predators that control populations including parasites (aphids appear grey or bloated), lady beetle larvae and lacewing
  • Deer love cowpeas; fence off row crops
  • Weevils may infest dried seed. Freeze in sealed containers for 48 hours to kill weevils.
  •  Leafhoppers are small wedge shaped insects that suck the juice from leaves rather than eating holes through them. If leaves are yellowing and curling under, examine the underside for leafhoppers. They overwinter in the Louisiana area and arrive with storm fronts in other parts of the country.
Disease Info
  • Plants are generally disease-free
  • White mold, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, causes a pod and stem blight and is generally a disease of cool, damp conditions. Do not handle plants during wet conditions. Wider spacing can allow more aeration between plants and help control the spread of disease. White mold survives in soil and plant debris; therefore infected plants should be removed from the field.  Dry beans and soybeans are not as susceptible to white mold as snap beans. Crop rotation is essential. 
Seed Saving Instructions
Self-pollinated. Insects are capable of cross pollination, and the extent of this depends on several factors including the type of flower, the bee population, and other pollen sources available. Depending on the location, it may only be necessary to separate varieties by five feet.  The seed coat is one indication of crossing, but many traits can be crossed that are not visible in the seed coat color. When planting, increase row and plant spacing to allow for greater air circulation and space for a mature plant. Pods should be papery and dry when harvested. Harvest individual pods or pull up the entire plant and hang to dry in a barn or greenhouse. When seeds are fully dry they are ready for threshing. Your fingernail should not be able to make an imprint on a fully dry seed. Thresh by flailing, jumping on pods, or shell by hand. Use a " screen on top of a " screen to clean the seed. Pea seed can remain viable for many years under cool and dry storage conditions.



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