2020 is here and the growing season is just beginning. As we head into February, depending on your region, it is either time to start some of your first seeds for spring or that time is just around the corner. While some of these early spring crops prefer to be direct seeded into the soil just before the last frost of spring, many can be started indoors somewhere between 6-10 weeks before this last spring frost. Transplanting these developing baby plants 2-3 weeks before last frost gives you a jump on the season and the advantage of earlier harvests down the road.

Below, click on a crop type to learn more
about some of our favorite varieties for early spring sowing.

BeetsBroccoliSpring Cabbage

CarrotsCelery/CeleriacChard

CollardsGreens/Greens MixesArugula

KaleKohlrabiLeeks

Microgreens/ShootsHead LettuceLettuce Mixes

OnionsPeasPotatoes

RadishesScallionsShallots

SpinachTurnipsHerbs


Beets

Beets are somewhat cold hardy and can tolerate the cool temps of early spring. It is good to wait until soil reaches a minimum of 50°F before sowing outdoors, typically around 2-3 weeks before the last frost of spring. Many people prefer to transplant beets to encourage more uniform growth and harvests.

Subeto F1

Touchstone Gold

Badger Flame

Rhonda F1

Guardsmark Chioggia

Formanova


Broccoli

Broccoli plants thrive in conditions that range between 65-70 degrees which means in most climates, broccoli needs to be planted as early as possible. Direct seeded or transplanted broccoli can be put outdoors once the soil is at least 40°F. Generally, this is 2 to 3 weeks before the last spring frost date.

Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli

Covina F1

De Cicco

Batavia F1


Spring Cabbage

Like broccoli, cabbage can be transplanted outdoors 2-3 weeks before the last frost date of spring. Cabbages are heavy feeders and typically take between 60 to over 100 days to reach maturity. Planting certain varieties close together can result in a quicker maturity and smaller, more manageable heads at harvest.

Farao F1

Caraflex F1

Reaction F1

Integro F1

Kalibos

Emiko


Carrots

Most people direct sow carrots 3-5 weeks before the last spring frost date. Carrots require steady soil moisture to germinate and continuous watering of newly seeded carrots can help promote an even crop. Carrots are slow to germinate, usually taking 2-3 weeks to fill the bed.

Napoli F1

Yaya F1

Scarlet Nantes

Danvers 126

Starburst Blend

Naval F1


Celery and Celeriac

Celery and celeriac are most commonly grown as transplants indoors and planted in the garden 2-3 weeks before the final frost date of your region. Celery and celeriac grow best in regions where there are at least 4 months of cool weather. Keeping celery and celeriac well watered throughout their life cycle ensures healthy plant development.

Tango

Balena F1

Diamant


Chard

Chard grows prolifically during the cool temperatures of spring and fall. Chard can be planted 2-4 inches apart to create a continuous row. While chard thrives in cooler temperatures, the heat of summer can be tolerated and, while chard may slow down, it will continually produce during hot weather.

Silverado Chard

Improved Rainbow Blend

Pink Passion

Orange Chard

Ruby/Rhubarb Red


Collards

While collards are usually considered a southern crop, they can thrive in most all regions of North America with a similar growth habit of their close relative, kale. Planting collards 2-3 weeks before the last spring frost date ensures healthy establishment of the plants. Ample watering as the temperatures increase will stave off bolting.

Champion Collards

Georgia Collards


Greens and Greens Mixes

Greens and greens mixes planted early in spring will be sweet and tender. Greens mixes are a great way to enjoy a diversity of colors, textures, and flavors with easy 'cut and come again' harvesting. Greens are often planted in successions for a steady harvest over the season with the first planting just before the last frost of spring.

Asian Greens

Salad Mixes

Specialty Greens


Arugula

Arugula is a semi-hardy green that can be direct seeded around the date of last frost in spring or just before if covered with row cover. Arugula tolerates many soil types and weather conditions with a spicier flavor as the heat increases during summer.

Astro

Uber

Sylvetta Wild

Esmee

Bellezia

Grazia


Kale

Kale is a hardy green that can be transplanted or direct seeded around 2-3 weeks before the last frost of spring. Baby kale tolerates light frosts and is sweetest during cooler months. Kale can be harvested as a cut green or can be bunched at full maturity.

Ironman Kale Mix

Red Russian

Lacinato

Darkibor F1

Siber Frill

Curly Roja


Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi is a cool weather loving plant performing best in temperatures that remain below 75 degrees. This means that getting the kohlrabi in the ground 2-3 weeks before last frost gives it enough time to reach maturity before the heat of summer. Kohlrabi will, however, tolerate summer weather and can be grown in successions through the season in more northern or temperate climates.

Kolibri F1

Korist F1

Trero

Kossak F1


Leeks

Leeks, like other alliums, are some of the earliest crops started indoors before the season starts. Starting leeks indoors 8 - 10 weeks before the last frost date will give you a jump-start to your season and provide you with leeks that are ready to harvest in summer.

King Richard

Alto

Chinook F1


Microgreens and Shoots

Microgreens, Sprouts and Shoots are a great season starter as the late frosts of early spring will not impact their growth. When grown indoors or in a greenhouse, microgreens, shoots, and sprouts can add a little green to an early farmers market table or dinner plate while the rest of the garden is just starting to take root.

Pea Shoots

Sunflower Shoots

Silk Road Mix Microgreens

Mild Mix Microgreens

Spicy Mix Microgreens


Head Lettuce

Head Lettuce can be transplanted out 2-3 weeks before the last frost of spring. Head lettuce can be grown for salad mixes, by using EazyLeaf varieties, or can be harvested as whole heads. In some of the more northern or temperate climates, head lettuce can be grown in successions throughout the entire season.

Alkindus

Waldmann's

Sandy

Red Mist

Coastal Star

Lovelock


Lettuce Mixes

Direct seeded lettuce can be sown 2-3 weeks before your average frost free date in spring. Eazyleaf lettuces are perfect for making easy, hassle free lettuce mixes of your own while some of our pre-mixed lettuce blends offer thoughtfully selected varieties and ratios that contribute to unmatched beauty and flavor.

Burgandy

Hampton

Buckley

Yankee Hardy Lettuce Blend

Gourmet Lettuce Blend

Red Planet Blend


Onions

Like leeks, onions can be seeded quite early, 8-10 weeks before the last frost date of your region. Starting onions early gives them plenty of time to develop into harvest-ready bulbs in the season. Onion seedlings can be trimmed before transplanting to stimulate healthy root growth.

Ailsa Craig

New York Early

Gabriella F1

Cabernet F1

Monastrell F1

Rossa di Milano


Peas

Peas can be direct seeded into soil 4-6 weeks before the last spring frost date. Peas are a cool weather loving crop and germinate best in soils that hover around 45 degrees. While peas love cooler temperatures, they can rot in soil that is both too cold and overly saturated. Well drained soils and soils that have been allowed the time in spring to dry will give peas the best chance at healthy germination.

PLS 14

Laxton's Progress #9

Cascadia

Sugar Ann

Oregon Sugar Pod II

Mammoth Melting


Potatoes

Just like peas, potatoes prefer soil temperatures around 45 degrees to germinate. Getting them in the ground as soon as soil can be worked is preferred, as potato plants can handle spring frosts. Potatoes can be harvested early as new potatoes or harvested at maturity when plants have begun to die back in the summer.

Dark Red Norland

Reba

Huckleberry Gold

Yukon Gold

German Butterball

AmaRosa


Radishes

Radishes can be direct seeded 2-3 weeks before the last frost date of spring. In more northern or temperate regions, radishes can be sown in successions spanning the entire growing season. In regions where temperatures are hot during summer months, radishes can be sown in both spring and fall or sown under the shade of tall crops or shade cloth in the summer.

Sora

Celesta F1

French Breakfast

Purple Plum

White Icicle

Pink Beauty


Scallions

Scallions, like onions can be started indoors as early as 8-10 weeks before last frost of spring. Scallions can be grown in successions throughout the entire growing season in most climates. Scallions are an excellent companion plant as they will comfortably grow among many other crops without competition.

Evergreen Hardy

Alto Leek

Red Baron

Parade


Shallots

Like other alliums, shallots can be started indoors 8-10 weeks before that frost in spring. Shallots are a perennial allium with good frost tolerance but are typically grown as an annual. Harvest when tops have wilted or fallen over for good storage quality.

Conservor F1

Matador F1


Spinach

Spinach can be sown 2-3 weeks before the average lost frost date of spring in your region. Spinach should be started early as it generally thrives in the cooler weather conditions associated with early spring, fall, and even winter in more southern climates. Spinach can be under-sown below tall plants in summer in some regions for all season successions.

Verdil

Corvair F1

Regiment F1

Butterflay

Abundant Bloomsdale

Bloomsdale Longstanding


Turnips

Turnips are typically direct sown 2-3 weeks before the last spring frost date. Turnips are edible at any stage and can be harvested as baby plants for their small tender roots and leaves. Turnips can be sown in successions throughout the season in northern and more temperate climates and resown in the fall. Turnips can overwinter in southern climates.

Tokyo Market

Scarlet Ohno Revival

Golden Globe

Purple Top White Globe


Parsley

Parsley is often started indoors around 10 to 12 weeks before last frost of spring due to its slow germination rate. It can take parsley as long as 3 weeks to germinate. Consistent water and temperature can contribute to good germination. Transplants can be placed outdoors after hardening off around time of last frost date.

Krausa Parsley

Italian Flat Leaf


Cilantro

Cilantro is not frost hardy but prefers cool temperatures. Cilantro does not transplant well and should be direct seeded just after the threat of frost. Cilantro can be harvested and eaten as flowers after the plants have bolted in summer.

Leisure

Santo