Windsor Fava Bean
Days to Maturity: 75 days
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Hardy plant with large, nutty beans.
English variety dating to 1863 with delicious flavor when eaten as a shell bean. Plants produce 5-6" pods each holding 3-5 large plump beans. Great for freezing or drying. Plants require cool conditions and are not heat tolerant. Hardy to 12 degrees F. Buff colored seeds.
- Tall 4' plants
- Cold tolerant
Soil and Nutrient Requirements
Fava beans prefer fertile, well-drained soils and enjoy cooler climate conditions. The use of inoculants can increase yields.
Direct seed 3 seeds/foot, thin plants to 4"-6" apart.
Rows 18 - 36" apart.
When to Sow
Direct sow in easy spring as soon as soil can be worked. Unlike snap beans and soybeans, fava beans enjoy cool weather and are best planted in early spring. Because of their early planting date, soil can be prepared in the fall for an early spring sowing.
Harvest pods when the green beans inside are plump, approximately 2.5 - 3 months after direct sowing. Fava beans are frost hardy and can survive temperatures as low as 15 - 20 degrees Fahrenheit.
Cut worms can be controlled through practicing good crop rotation and sanitary field conditions, including removal of debris from around the planting area to deter overwintering.
Aphids can be washed off plants with a hard stream of water. They have several natural predators that control populations including parasites (aphids appear grey or bloated), lady beetle larvae and lacewings.
Bacterial brown spot appears as small, dark brown spots on leaves and pods may twist and distort. Control measures include planting certified seed, rotating crops regularly, and removing crop debris from fields after harvest.
Downy mildew can be reduced by five-year rotations with non-host crops.
Fusarium root rot can reduced by five-year rotations with non-host crops, planting only certified seed, and heat or steam treating seed prior to planting.